Many people think of cosmetic surgery as a modern invention, and it has certainly become more widely available over recent years, but plastic or reconstructive surgery has been used to treat deformity following illness or injury in various cultures for many centuries. In Ancient Egypt and India, for example, there is evidence of nose surgery aimed at repairing broken noses and even reconstructing severed noses.
These techniques spread to Europe and were used in the repair of noses damaged by syphilis. Even earlier, in Europe, we can find evidence of reconstructive surgery, and the first recognised plastic surgery textbook was written in the sixteenth century by Gaspare Tagliacozzi, a surgeon from Bologna who pioneered the use of skin grafts.War had a great impact on the development of reconstructive surgical techniques, since burns, traumatic amputations and wounds from shrapnel caused so many injuries. In World War One, according to the BBC , New Zealand-born surgeon Harold Gillies used ideas from ancient Indian scripts to guide his research. In the Second World War, another New Zealander, Archibald McIndoe, continued to develop techniques for repairing facial trauma in the UK, and nine new plastic surgery centres were opened in the United States for the same reason.
Breast augmentation was first carried out in 1885 to correct asymmetry. This was done by using tissue from the back and transplanting it to the front. Asymmetry is still a reason for surgery today and, depending on the problem, can be corrected by a lift, reduction or augmentation by a cosmetic surgeon in Cambridge or throughout the UK.
Other people may opt for breast surgery for other reasons, and the NHS recommends considering the decision to go ahead with cosmetic surgery carefully. Companies such as www.cosmeticsurgeoncambridge.co.uk/ will ensure that you have an opportunity to discuss the procedure and ask any questions you may have before deciding to opt for a surgical solution.
According to the Guardian, breast augmentation is the most popular cosmetic procedure in the UK. Materials used for breast implants have evolved from injectable substances such as paraffin, vegetable oil and beeswax that were used in the nineteenth century through to silicone implants that were first introduced in 1962. Today there are options of gel implants and the newer soft polyurethane foam implants.
Many people choose to have facial surgical procedures such as face lifts, eyelid surgery or ear surgery in order to preserve their youthful appearance, and these along with chemical peels and Botox treatments are among the most popular among women in the UK. However, facial surgery can also transform the lives of people who have undergone traumatic events, such as Isabelle Dinoire, the first person to have a successful partial face transplant after being severely mauled by her dog.
Since the 1950s, advances in surgery for children with congenital facial deformities have meant that conditions such as hare lip and cleft palate are easy to treat and change the lives of many infants the world over.
Today there are many female cosmetic surgeons, and in 2006 Roxanne Guy was elected president of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, which is now known as ASPS.http://www.healthagingtoday.org